Exams -a common enemy for both parents and children
While this is the time of year we welcome warmer and brighter days, and look forward to the brilliant colors of flowers, anxiety is blooming in many of our kids. With the advent of summers the “all-or-nothing” climate of high stakes testing produces swarms of fear and anxiety hovering in the minds of students.
As parents, we see firsthand how these feelings manifest. I can’t count the number of times I’ve been asked, “Mom, do you think I’m going to pass?” My coworker’s son who is appearing for the all mighty 10 th grade, is up late into the night and has trouble sleeping because he thinks missing just one or two questions on the test will result in failure. Although the exams were factored to learn and improve, the heavy emphasis on test performance seems to have kids in grades feeling excessive – not to mention, unhealthy – stress.
While a little nervousness is normal, being overly anxious and focusing only on negative outcomes can actually hinder performance.
Physical symptoms, such as nervous shaking, crying, and “butterflies” in the stomach, may interfere with concentration. Emotions, such as fear and negative thinking, can result in kids “blanking out” or second-guessing themselves during the test, even though they studied and are sure they know the answers to the questions. Encouraging children and helping them to focus on positive outcomes can help alleviate test anxiety.
Here are some tips for parents who are in the throes of supporting their kids through the common enemy called Exams:
Research has shown that when children’s performance is personalized – negatively or positively – they are more likely to relate that performance to their self-worth, or lack thereof. Rather than letting her son personalize his performance, we can take a different approach. One such parent who shared her experience for her 10th grader son who was having nightmares and was close to a nervous breakdown in spite of being a school topper in his prelims.
She explained to her son that the exams are primarily used to determine how well a school or district is educating their students; the only way to do that is to ask questions to find out what the students know. By doing this, she eased her son’s mind by transferring responsibility from her son to the school. This helped him to understand that standardized tests do not determine whether or not he is smart.
Let me give you the example of a parent having an over anxious 7th grader and identical twin brothers. When people see the twins together in a picture, she often got comments about how different each twin looks. Well, of course they look different! A picture is a snapshot in time, capturing each twin doing something different at the exact same moment. One twin may be smiling while the other may not; one may be titling his head to the right while the other may be looking toward the camera, making them look different in that one moment. However, that doesn’t mean their identicalness isn’t real or doesn’t exist.
She used this same analogy to help put her elder kids anxiety over the exam fear. She explain to him that the test is one snapshot in time. Just like the picture only captures one aspect of his brothers, one test does not capture who he is as a whole person. She reminded him about his overall performance in school, focusing on his accomplishments. Also try to highlight their non-academic accomplishments, such as serving as a Junior Coach, getting the Student of the Week award, and how he recently moved up to orange belt in karate – all in an effort to help him understand that one test does not define who he is as a student or as a person.
Encourage kids by recognizing effort as well as performance. Research shows a clear connection between effort and achievement. When kids understand that increased effort leads to increased success, they may realize that they are not limited by their “smartness” or lack thereof; rather, success is more a result of dedication and hard work. This is known as the growth mindset. Having a growth mindset can help kids realize that their overall success is not limited by one test on one day, but by their performance throughout the school year, their hard work, their dedication, and their character.
Research has shown that focusing on positive thoughts can be a great motivator. Our bodies are programmed to respond to negative emotions by focusing on what’s causing the emotion and closing off all other thoughts; this makes it hard for the mind to function at its best. On the other hand, positive thoughts open the mind and broaden people’s outlooks, which increases attention and thinking.
Parents can help foster positive thinking in kids by having them focus on the accomplishment rather than the test itself. A reward, such as a family outing for a mall when the test is over, can give children something to look forward to – thinking positively about the end result rather than thinking negatively about the test itself.
Another great way to help kids reduce anxiety is by having them write their thoughts on paper. Expressive writing about test-related worries and anxieties before taking the test has been shown to improve performance.
Teachers and schools, understandably, place high emphasis on grades. However, parents also build the narrative by referring to the test, saying things like “We need to make sure you’re [my son] prepared for the boards” or “You’re in 4 grade; we have to take studies seriously” – probably more frequently than I realize. Not only do kids tend to reflect the adults around them; they also look to adults to understand how to handle intense events. Sensing anxiety in adults can trigger anxiety in kids. Alternatively, staying calm, grounded, and positive can help alleviate their anxiety.
Test anxiety is normal, but parents can play an essential role in helping children manage their feelings. It is important to be aware, encouraging, and that your child knows that you support him/her